The Tokugawa period publishing boom expanded Japanese readership in new directions. Cheap woodblock printing allowed mass marketing of books, resulting in a proliferation of works written for wider audiences. By the Meiji period, children were reading, or being read, literature that, like the otogizoshi fairy tales of earlier centuries, were written primarily with them in mind. As was the case with Japanese popular fiction, children’s literature established itself as a dominant genre in the 1910s. The literary journal Akai Tori (Red Bird), appearing first in 1918 and running nearly without break until 1936, was pivotal in establishing children’s literature as a legitimate genre. The monthly magazine featured traditional and modern literature for young readers written by both amateur and serious writers, including luminaries, such as Akutagawa Ryunosuke, Arishima Takeo, Izumi Kyoka, Kitahara Hakushu, and Tokuda Shusei. Its success spawned other children’s magazines, such as Kane no fune (Golden Ship) in 1919 and Dowa (Fairy Tale) in 1920.
   During the prewar period, writers such as Yamamoto Yuzo and Miyazawa Kenji wrote many stories and books for children, and in the postwar period the role of children’s literature shifted from didacticism to entertainment, in part because of the emergence of manga and the influence of children’s television programs. By the later part of the 20th century, children’s literature was a thriving business in Japan, with a number of series (including the Harry Potter franchise in translation) selling over a million copies. Notable contemporary children’s authors include Eiko Kadono (1935–), author of Majo no takkyubin (1985; tr. Kiki’s Delivery Service, 2003), and Takagi Toshiko (1932–), author of Garasu no usagi (1977; tr. The Glass Rabbit, 1986). Both works of children’s literature have been made into films.

Historical dictionary of modern Japanese literature and theater. . 2009.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • children’s literature — is called ‘literature for children and adolescents’ (shaonian ertong wenxue). Another term, which encompasses a wider range of genres, is ‘literature and art for children and adolescents’ (shaonian ertong wenyi), but this was more commonly used… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Children's literature — For the academic journal, see Children s Literature (journal). Children s book redirects here. For the A. S. Byatt novel, see The Children s Book. Children s story redirects here. For the song, see Children s Story. Four children reading Dr.… …   Wikipedia

  • children's literature — Body of written works produced to entertain or instruct young people. The genre encompasses a wide range of works, including acknowledged classics of world literature, picture books and easy to read stories, and fairy tales, lullabies, fables,… …   Universalium

  • CHILDREN'S LITERATURE — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction CHILDREN S LITERATURE IN HEBREW early period …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Children's Literature (journal) — Children s Literature   Discipline Children s …   Wikipedia

  • Children's Literature Association Quarterly — Children’s Literature Association Quarterly   …   Wikipedia

  • Children's literature periodicals — include magazines about children s literature intended for adults, such as: Academic journals focusing on the scholarly study of children s and young adult literature Review journals reviewing specific works for children and young adults Library… …   Wikipedia

  • Children's literature criticism — The term children s literature criticism includes both generalist discussions of the relationship between children s literature and literary theory and literary analyses of a specific works of children s literature. Some academics consider young… …   Wikipedia

  • Children's Literature Association — Logo of the Children s Literature Association The Children s Literature Association (ChLA) is a non profit scholarly association dedicated to studying children s literature.[1] Begun in the 1970s to generate interest in children s literature as… …   Wikipedia

  • Children's literature canon — As with adult literature, the validity of defining a canon of worthy or renowned works in children s literature is hotly debated. Nevertheless, many books have had enormous impact on publishing history and are still in print today. Due to the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”